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Monthly Archives: May 2016

Does Your Dog Have Asthma?

A dog with mouth open and tongue hanging out

Darlene with Asthma

.

Detecting

.

Asthma

.

in your Dog

Author, Noelle Dunn for Professional Pet Sitting Etc.

Did you know that an asthma attack in your dog is a protective response? It’s true.  While an asthma attack is very scary to witness, and with good reason as it’s deadly, it’s also a clear indicator that your dog  is being exposed to  a dangerous allergen.  As a response, the bronchiole closes up in order to protect the lungs. Additionally, asthma attacks are just as prevalent in the winter as in other times of year and sometimes even more so. The good news is that asthma attacks are preventable or at the very least manageable.

So, you might be wondering how you detect asthma in your dog. 

There are a variety of signs that your dog may be suffering from an asthmatic response.  Most notably and easily recognizable are shortness of breath, coughing and wheezing.  You should also be on the lookout for rapid or shallow breathing, lethargy, bluish gums, low tolerance for any form of physical exertion and even a loss of appetite.   Any single symptom or combination of symptoms should be immediately brought to the attention of your dog’s veterinary doctor.  As mentioned above, and just like in their human counterparts, it only takes one asthma attack to result in death.  The earlier the diagnosis, the better.

Diagnosing asthma in your dog is fairly straight forward. 

Your dog’s vet will discuss symptoms with you, so be prepared to discuss the circumstances under which your pet suffers from the symptoms as well as his health history.  If you know or suspect any specific triggers, be prepared to discuss those as well.  Your vet will examine your dog thoroughly and may also order x-rays of your dog’s lungs as well as blood work.  When diagnosing asthma, keep in mind that it may be necessary for the vet to rule out other diseases that present similar symptoms.  This can be a frustrating process but, ask questions a lot of questions and most importantly, stay calm.

Finding the trigger of your dog’s asthma will be of great importance.  Identifying the trigger or triggers provides the potential of completely eliminating or greatly reducing future asthma attacks.   This can be quite tricky and is often one of the most frustrating parts of the process.  It’s not always easy to put your finger on the culprit!

While not all inclusive, here are some common triggers:

  • Exercise
  • Dry air
  • Cold air
  • Dust
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Cigar smoke
  • Wood burning stoves
  • fireplaces
  • carpet cleaners
  • floor cleaning products
  • air fresheners
  • deodorizers

Many vets suggest that you keep a doggie diary to notate when and under what circumstances your dog suffers from an asthma attack.  You should also note the frequency and severity of the attacks.  Taking good notes will help you narrow down the triggers and thereby help you to reduce future exposure.

While working with you and your dog to put a proper treatment plan in place, you must remain patient.  It’s not a “one size fits all” process.  It’s takes some trial and error, sometimes, to find the best plan for your dog.  Your dog’s vet may suggest a plan that involves the use of some or all of the following: antihistamines, oxygen therapy, steroids and/or bronchodilators.

As always, remain patient during the process and remember, it’s always ok to seek second and third opinions! Follow your gut and advocate for your dog the best way you know how – after all, you are all he has.  Be his voice.

 

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If you liked this article, check out our other articles – Complete List Of Our Article and Videos

 

About the Owner and Professional Pet Sitting Etc

Dorinne Whynott, is a long time animal professional.  She is a successful business owner establishing one of the largest pet sitting companies in New Hampshire since 1990. Click to Read her complete History. 

Professional Pet Sitting Etc. is a leading business in the pet care field and continues to grow since 1990. It is an AWARD WINNING business, having been awarded the 2015 Best Pet Sitting , 2015 Best Dog Walker, Business of the Year Awards in 1996, 1997, 2006 and 2010.  It boasts 30+ amazing pet sitters on staff, over 3000 clients in 38 cities from Nashua to Concord, NH.  Hundreds of satisfied client testimonials can be found on their website and more 5 star reviews on their Facebook pageGoogle+ page and more.  They have sustained an A+ rating with the BBB, A rating with Angie’s List and are unmatched in the Pet Sitting Industry in New Hampshire.

Click Here for Professional Pet Sitting Etc Reviews, Testimonial and Awards

Click For a Complete List of all of our educational Blogs

Go to Professional Pet Sitting Etc. Website for more information on the best pet sitting company or click on New Client to contact us or register for dog walking or pet care.

Contact us by phone at 603-888-8088

Email Profpetsit@aol.com

Pet Sitting NH , Pet Sitting Nashua NH , Pet Care NH, Petsitternh, Petsittersnh, Professional pet sitter, pet sitters, professional pet sitting, pet sitting, pet sitter, professional pet services, professional pet sitters, pro pet sitting, pet sit, pet, puppy sitting

cat sitting, cat sitter, cat sitters, professional cat sitter

dog, dog sitting,  professional dog sitter, Dog walking new hampshire, dog sitter, Dog Walking NH, dog walking services, Dog Walker, Dog Walker NH

Professional Pet Sitting Etc Reviews and Testimonials

All rights reserved, copyright 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016

This article can not be copied in part or in whole without specific written permission by the Author and Owner.

 

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Breed Spotlight – Shih Tzu

Three dogs Shih tzu lie on a white background

Shih Tzus

.

All about

.

the

.

Shih Tzu

.

Author, Noelle Dunn for Professional Pet Sitting Etc.

It’s hard to deny there’s something special about a Shih Tzu, they have such a strong personality and almost regal presence about them.  This is for good reason, since the Shih Tzu was bred to be a dog of royal lineage and companionship.  These dogs are beloved for their great personality, let’s look at the best of the bark and if there’s any bite to worry about.

Loyalty

Some compare the Shih Tzu to cats, and there are some similarities to them, not just because of their petite size and long hair.  They are the ultimate “lap dog” and will cuddle up to you as a cat would.  Although, Shih Tzu’s are a bit more entertaining than most cats, they know how to cheer you up when you most need it and calm you down when you are feeling stressed.

Kindness

Unlike most small dogs, who get a bad rap for being territorial, the Shih Tzu breed are naturally passive.  The only time that you’ll run into a Shih Tzu that is in attack mode is if the owner doesn’t pay them any mind and correct bad behavior over time.  A nervous bark is all you’ll ever find from these little angels most of the time.  Remember, Shih Tzu look to you for guidance and will be loyal to your wishes and commands.  If you are calm, they are calm, because they aren’t naturally meant to guard posts.

A Child at Heart

This goes for many types of dogs, but there’s no denying that when Shih Tzus want to play, they are an absolute joy to be around.  Their little bodies and long hair flopping around can look like you’re playing with a little Ewok from Star Wars.  They make the cutest faces, too.  It’s hard not to smile when those big adorable eyes are starting into yours, that’s what makes these dogs so great for solo companions.

Still a Dog

You may be tempted to treat your Shih Tzu like the king or queen that they are, but this might lead to disappointment when they betray you for someone who is offering them a nice treat or piece of food.  This is what makes them such great dogs to own, they show great obedience to any babysitters or new owners, as long as they get petted and fed on a regular basis.

Royal Pains

Let’s not think that all Shih Tzus are meant to be perfect little angels.  Even if they don’t go after the mailman, sometimes these little guys can be royally stubborn, it’s in their nature.  If your dog is feeling themselves, they will make it known.  You can see a little stubbornness or maybe a lazy performance of their tricks to get their treats, because they know you’ll give into their undeniable cuteness anyways.  Keep a Shih Tzu on their toes and make sure they don’t get too comfortable. Let her know that she is second in line to the throne!  After all, you should always be the king, or the pack leader.

 

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If you liked this article, check out our other articles – Complete List Of Our Article and Videos

 

About the Owner and Professional Pet Sitting Etc

Dorinne Whynott, is a long time animal professional.  She is a successful business owner establishing one of the largest pet sitting companies in New Hampshire since 1990. Click to Read her complete History. 

Professional Pet Sitting Etc. is a leading business in the pet care field and continues to grow since 1990. It is an AWARD WINNING business, having been awarded the 2015 Best Pet Sitting , 2015 Best Dog Walker, Business of the Year Awards in 1996, 1997, 2006 and 2010.  It boasts 30+ amazing pet sitters on staff, over 3000 clients in 38 cities from Nashua to Concord, NH.  Hundreds of satisfied client testimonials can be found on their website and more 5 star reviews on their Facebook pageGoogle+ page and more.  They have sustained an A+ rating with the BBB, A rating with Angie’s List and are unmatched in the Pet Sitting Industry in New Hampshire.

Click Here for Professional Pet Sitting Etc Reviews, Testimonial and Awards

Click For a Complete List of all of our educational Blogs

Go to Professional Pet Sitting Etc. Website for more information on the best pet sitting company or click on New Client to contact us or register for dog walking or pet care.

Contact us by phone at 603-888-8088

Email Profpetsit@aol.com

Pet Sitting NH , Pet Sitting Nashua NH , Pet Care NH, Petsitternh, Petsittersnh, Professional pet sitter, pet sitters, professional pet sitting, pet sitting, pet sitter, professional pet services, professional pet sitters, pro pet sitting, pet sit, pet, puppy sitting

cat sitting, cat sitter, cat sitters, professional cat sitter

dog, dog sitting,  professional dog sitter, Dog walking new hampshire, dog sitter, Dog Walking NH, dog walking services, Dog Walker, Dog Walker NH

Professional Pet Sitting Etc Reviews and Testimonials

All rights reserved, copyright 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016

This article can not be copied in part or in whole without specific written permission by the Author and Owner.

 

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Is That A Strain Or Sprain With Your Dog?

Bulldog lifting paw

Banjo hurt his paw

.

Detecting

.

Muscle Sprain

or

Strain in your Dog

.

Author, Noelle Dunn for Professional Pet Sitting Etc.

Generally, dogs are very active creatures.  This means that their muscles are put through a lot of stress and that often times results in muscle strains or sprains.  After all, they are on all fours all day, every day so, no surprise there. We want our dogs to be active but, we also want to be educated enough to know the signs of muscle afflictions in our dogs.

Strain or sprain? What’s the difference?

Strain occurs by stretching (too far) the tendons that adhere muscles to bones. You will often see this occur in dogs that run or are generally very active.

Sprains are the result of injury to ligaments.  Ligaments connect bones to joins.  Jumping or landing after jumping are often culprits to strains in our dog’s knees and wrist joints.

 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Dogs experience pain due to muscle sprains, strains, and a whole lot of other injuries. Therefore, knowing how to tell when your dog is in pain is very important as a dog owner. Usually the tell-tale signs include:

  1. Just like humans, dogs will often express signs of pain through vocalization, especially when an injury first occurs. Even thereafter, a dog may express his discomfort through abnormal levels of vocalization.  Of course, this is not always the case but be aware for any growling, howling, yelping or whimpering as that may be a sure sign that your dog is experiencing pain or some level of discomfort.
  2. Limping or any other change in your dog’s gait should be immediately investigated. This is the most easily detectable sign of pain relative to muscle strains or sprains.  If your dog is not using one of his limbs, or showing favor to it, you can be assured that something is amiss.
  3. Excessive panting that does not go hand in hand with exercise may indicate that your dog is in pain due to muscle pains or strains or some other health issue. Often times, we associate panting with a possible overheated dog but, that’s not always the case.  In addition to being a sign of pain, excessive panting could mean that your dog is dealing with a life threatening illness.
  4. While dogs regularly grooming themselves is completely normal, grooming habits can also be a sign of injury. Dogs will self soothe by licking the area, or surrounding area that is injured.  Whether or not there is an open wound or any sign of trauma, you must get your dog checked out.  Also, a dog may be excessively licking one area of his body but the injury could very well be on or inside another place on his body.
  5. Any other changes in your dog’s habits or routines should be duly noted. Sleeping and eating patterns, becoming less or more needy and sudden signs of aggression can signal that your dog is not feeling well for one reason or another.

Don’t delay in seeking the advice of your veterinary doctor should your dog exhibit any one , or all, of these signs as delaying could only result in a less favorable prognosis for your dog.  Remember, dogs really are creatures of habit and any change in behavior or habits usually means something is wrong.

 

 

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If you liked this article, check out our other articles – Complete List Of Our Article and Videos

 

 

About the Owner and Professional Pet Sitting Etc

Dorinne Whynott, is a long time animal professional.  She is a successful business owner establishing one of the largest pet sitting companies in New Hampshire since 1990. Click to Read her complete History. 

Professional Pet Sitting Etc. is a leading business in the pet care field and continues to grow since 1990. It is an AWARD WINNING business, having been awarded the 2015 Best Pet Sitting , 2015 Best Dog Walker, Business of the Year Awards in 1996, 1997, 2006 and 2010.  It boasts 30+ amazing pet sitters on staff, over 3000 clients in 38 cities from Nashua to Concord, NH.  Hundreds of satisfied client testimonials can be found on their website and more 5 star reviews on their Facebook pageGoogle+ page and more.  They have sustained an A+ rating with the BBB, A rating with Angie’s List and are unmatched in the Pet Sitting Industry in New Hampshire.

Click Here for Professional Pet Sitting Etc Reviews, Testimonial and Awards

Click For a Complete List of all of our educational Blogs

Go to Professional Pet Sitting Etc. Website for more information on the best pet sitting company or click on New Client to contact us or register for dog walking or pet care.

Contact us by phone at 603-888-8088

Email Profpetsit@aol.com

Pet Sitting NH , Pet Sitting Nashua NH , Pet Care NH, Petsitternh, Petsittersnh, Professional pet sitter, pet sitters, professional pet sitting, pet sitting, pet sitter, professional pet services, professional pet sitters, pro pet sitting, pet sit, pet, puppy sitting

cat sitting, cat sitter, cat sitters, professional cat sitter

dog, dog sitting,  professional dog sitter, Dog walking new hampshire, dog sitter, Dog Walking NH, dog walking services, Dog Walker, Dog Walker NH

Professional Pet Sitting Etc Reviews and Testimonials

All rights reserved, copyright 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016

This article can not be copied in part or in whole without specific written permission by the Author and Owner.

Share

Ever Wonder Why You Chose The Pet You Have

Woman with a boa

Hssss, Why did you choose me for your pet

.

Your Pet Choice

.

Says a Lot

.

About You!

.

 Author, Darlene Wagner for Professional Pet Sitting Etc.

 

Surely you’re familiar with the eternal debate between dog lovers and cat lovers, but what about other types of pets like guinea pigs, fish and reptiles? Can the type of animal you choose as a companion really tell others something about your personality?

 

Of course, there are several factors that are considered in a pet parent’s choice of pet, from allergies, to work schedule, to living arrangements, to financial situation, and more. But numerous studies and surveys have shown a correlation between the type of pet a person chooses and that person’s lifestyle, personality, and even career.

 

Career

 

A few years ago, a survey was conducted that attempted to pinpoint which type of pet survey participants in various jobs were most likely to have. Company CEOs, IT professionals, professors, military members, entertainers and nurses were more likely to have dogs. Whereas realtors, machine operators, doctors, personal caretakers and lab technicians often had cats. Those who worked in the hotel industry, the financial field, farming, human resources, transportation, or fishing/forestry tended to have fish as pets. People working in administrative positions, construction, sales and advertising were more likely to have birds as pets. And, finally, reptiles were the pet of choice for writers, engineers, marketing professionals, police officers, editors and social workers. The survey also found those making a six-figure salaries were more likely to choose a snake or reptile over a cuddly kitten or pup.

 

Personalities

 

So what does your pet a choice say about your personality? Once again, various surveys and studies have been conducted with findings so detailed it may amaze you. In general, pooch parents were found to be more honest, conscientious and religious, while those with cats are more independent, happier in their careers and socially conscious. Meanwhile, those with fish as pets are non-materialistic, optimistic and introverted.

 

Now, when you break down the findings even more, by dog breed, it gets even more interesting! People with Beagles were found to be inquisitive, loyal and stubborn; Cocker Spaniel pet parents are family-oriented, gentle, playful, nurturing and affectionate; those who prefer Golden Retrievers are often social butterflies; Chihuahua pet parents tend to be hyperactive mischief makers; and Poodle parents are often detail-oriented and have an appreciation for art and culture.

 

On the feline side, it was found that Persian cat parents are homebodies; those with Siamese cats are great communicators; Calico and Tortoiseshell lovers are family-oriented and live in well-decorated homes; Abyssinian parents are creative and flexible; people who share their home with a Burmese cat often enjoy entertaining at home; Russian Blue and American shorthair cat parents are independent, affectionate and self-reliant; and those with Maine Coons are extremely family-oriented.

 

Not Everyone is Created Equal

 

Of course, the results of these surveys and studies don’t apply universally to every pet parent. There are plenty of outgoing Persian parents and introverted Golden Retriever lovers. The truly important thing is the bond between each pet and his pet parent is a bond that can be, and usually is, just as strong as one between humans, and equally rewarding.

 

 

**********************************************************************************

 

If you liked this article, check out our other articles – Complete List Of Our Article and Videos

 

 

About the Owner and Professional Pet Sitting Etc

Dorinne Whynott, is a long time animal professional.  She is a successful business owner establishing one of the largest pet sitting companies in New Hampshire since 1990. Click to Read her complete History. 

Professional Pet Sitting Etc. is a leading business in the pet care field and continues to grow since 1990. It is an AWARD WINNING business, having been awarded the 2015 Best Pet Sitting , 2015 Best Dog Walker, Business of the Year Awards in 1996, 1997, 2006 and 2010.  It boasts 30+ amazing pet sitters on staff, over 3000 clients in 38 cities from Nashua to Concord, NH.  Hundreds of satisfied client testimonials can be found on their website and more 5 star reviews on their Facebook pageGoogle+ page and more.  They have sustained an A+ rating with the BBB, A rating with Angie’s List and are unmatched in the Pet Sitting Industry in New Hampshire.

Click Here for Professional Pet Sitting Etc Reviews, Testimonial and Awards

Click For a Complete List of all of our educational Blogs

Go to Professional Pet Sitting Etc. Website for more information on the best pet sitting company or click on New Client to contact us or register for dog walking or pet care.

Contact us by phone at 603-888-8088

Email Profpetsit@aol.com

Pet Sitting NH , Pet Sitting Nashua NH , Pet Care NH, Petsitternh, Petsittersnh, Professional pet sitter, pet sitters, professional pet sitting, pet sitting, pet sitter, professional pet services, professional pet sitters, pro pet sitting, pet sit, pet, puppy sitting

cat sitting, cat sitter, cat sitters, professional cat sitter

dog, dog sitting,  professional dog sitter, Dog walking new hampshire, dog sitter, Dog Walking NH, dog walking services, Dog Walker, Dog Walker NH

Professional Pet Sitting Etc Reviews and Testimonials

All rights reserved, copyright 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016

This article can not be copied in part or in whole without specific written permission by the Author and Owner.

Share

Ever Worry About What Your Cat Is Eating

Cat Washing

Thanks Mom, That Was Good

.

.

Home Cooking

.

for

.

Your Cat

.

.

Author, Darlene Wagner for Professional Pet Sitting Etc. 

 

It’s a well-known fact that good quality cat food is very important when it comes to keeping your favorite feline happy and healthy. As a concerned pet parent, you want to ensure your cat receives the proper amount of nutrition on a daily basis, aiding in keeping her strong and fit and less susceptible to nutritional deficiencies and disease.

 

Despite the plethora of choices for cat food on the market today, you may choose to cook your cat’s food due to a diet restriction, medical issue, or simply because you prefer to go the minimally processed route. Just as you can cook good quality, healthy and hearty meals for you and your family, so to can you cook great meals for your four-legged friend. Making home cooked meals for your cat will ensure she is getting a nutritionally sound, well blended meal that is certain to keep her purring for more.

 

Ingredients

 

Cats are fans of proteins like fish, turkey, lamb and liver (although liver should be fed in small amounts only as too much can cause Vitamin A toxicity), and prefer fresh flavors over those that are aged. Sure, cats are probably the pickiest eaters in comparison to other pets, as they will quickly turn up their cute pink noses to food that doesn’t meet their standards. For that reason, it might be best to avoid feeding them only their favorite foods, as you will soon learn it will lead them to refuse anything else.

 

When cooking for your cat, do not add salt, include some grains in the recipe (cooked oatmeal or whole wheat bread are good choices), and throw some vegetables into the mix (starchy veggies such as peas, potatoes and squash are preferred). You may even opt to include some fruit in your cat’s food recipe.

 

Just as important as what you add to your cat’s meal is what you exclude. Be sure to avoid adding the following foods, as they can be quite dangerous when consumed by cats:

 

  • In moderation it is fine, but too much tuna can lead to malnutrition and even mercury poisoning.
  • Onions, Garlic and Chives. Onion in all forms – raw, cooked, powdered or dehydrated – can break down a cat’s red blood cells and lead to anemia. And garlic and chives can cause gastrointestinal upset.
  • Dairy Products. Many pet parents think it’s okay to give their kitty a dish of milk or cream, but most cats are actually lactose intolerant.
  • Grapes and Raisins. Both can cause kidney failure in cats.
  • Fat Trimmings and Bones. Fat, whether cooked or uncooked, can cause intestinal upset, vomiting and diarrhea. Bones can cause choking, and they can splinter, causing an obstruction or lacerations to your cat’s digestive system.
  • Raw Eggs. There are two major reasons why you shouldn’t include raw eggs in your cat’s meals. The first in the possibility of food poisoning; the second is that the protein in egg whites interferes with the absorption of the B vitamin Biotin, which can result in skin and coat problems.

 

A home cooked diet based on protein, grains, veggies and fruit can ensure your cat is getting the minerals, vitamins and probiotics she needs to maintain a nutritional balance. Remember to serve any meal you prepare at room temperature, not directly from the stove or refrigerator.

For cat food recipes, visit a pet recipe specific site like BalanceIt.com.

As always, it’s best to consult with your veterinarian before making any changes to your cat’s diet.

 

 

**********************************************************************************

 

If you liked this article, check out our other articles – Complete List Of Our Article and Videos

 

 

About the Owner and Professional Pet Sitting Etc

Dorinne Whynott, is a long time animal professional.  She is a successful business owner establishing one of the largest pet sitting companies in New Hampshire since 1990. Click to Read her complete History. 

Professional Pet Sitting Etc. is a leading business in the pet care field and continues to grow since 1990. It is an AWARD WINNING business, having been awarded the 2015 Best Pet Sitting , 2015 Best Dog Walker, Business of the Year Awards in 1996, 1997, 2006 and 2010.  It boasts 30+ amazing pet sitters on staff, over 3000 clients in 38 cities from Nashua to Concord, NH.  Hundreds of satisfied client testimonials can be found on their website and more 5 star reviews on their Facebook pageGoogle+ page and more.  They have sustained an A+ rating with the BBB, A rating with Angie’s List and are unmatched in the Pet Sitting Industry in New Hampshire.

Click Here for Professional Pet Sitting Etc Reviews, Testimonial and Awards

Click For a Complete List of all of our educational Blogs

Go to Professional Pet Sitting Etc. Website for more information on the best pet sitting company or click on New Client to contact us or register for dog walking or pet care.

Contact us by phone at 603-888-8088

Email Profpetsit@aol.com

Pet Sitting NH , Pet Sitting Nashua NH , Pet Care NH, Petsitternh, Petsittersnh, Professional pet sitter, pet sitters, professional pet sitting, pet sitting, pet sitter, professional pet services, professional pet sitters, pro pet sitting, pet sit, pet, puppy sitting

cat sitting, cat sitter, cat sitters, professional cat sitter

dog, dog sitting,  professional dog sitter, Dog walking new hampshire, dog sitter, Dog Walking NH, dog walking services, Dog Walker, Dog Walker NH

Professional Pet Sitting Etc Reviews and Testimonials

All rights reserved, copyright 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016

This article can not be copied in part or in whole without specific written permission by the Author and Owner.

Share

Could Your Cat Be Diabetic?

kitten sleeping on a soft blanket, diabetic cat

Diabetic Cat

Feline Diabetes, Prevention & Care

Author, Stacey Kalinnikova, BVetTech for Professional Pet Sitting Etc.

 

Overview

Diabetes mellitus is a hormonal disorder resulting from a deficiency of insulin.  Insulin originates from the pancreas and is involved in the regulation of glucose flow from the bloodstream to the body cells.  Glucose in the cells is required for energy and metabolism.  If the insulin in the body is insufficient, glucose will begin to build up in the bloodstream and the body will start to break down alternative energy sources such as fat and protein.

There are two types of diabetes mellitus in cats:

Type 1 – Occurs due to a lack of insulin, this type is uncommon in cats.

Type 2 – Occurs when the body cells lose the ability to respond to insulin.  As the disease progresses, the body will also develop a lack of insulin.

 

Causes

 The exact cause of diabetes mellitus in cats is unknown.  Predisposing factors include:

  • Obesity
  • Other hormonal disorders
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Prolonged use of certain medications such as corticosteroids or progestogens

 

Symptoms

 Common signs of feline diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Change in appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Poor hair coat
  • Lethargy
  • Weakness
  • Seizures
  • Frequent vomiting
  • Predisposition to secondary bacterial infections

 

Diagnosis

 Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in cats is based on clinical signs, thorough physical examination, and laboratory testing.

Physical examination may reveal a change in weight, dehydration, poor hair coat, and the veterinarian may be able to palpate an enlarged liver and kidneys.  Other common diseases in cats can have similar clinical signs so additional testing is necessary.

Urinalysis (analysis of a urine sample) is performed to determine the presence of glucose and ketones in the urine.  Glycosuria (glucose in the urine) is an indication of diabetes, while ketonuria (ketones in the urine) will reveal ketoacidosis.  Blood tests will reveal high blood glucose levels (hyperglycaemia) indicative of diabetes.

While persistent hyperglycaemia and glycosuria indicates diabetes, a one off result could be a cat’s normal response to stress.  Therefore, it is often necessary to repeat blood and urine tests to confirm the diagnosis.

Additional blood tests can check the serum fructosamine level, which can reveal the average blood glucose levels over the past week.  A supplementary chemistry panel may show increased liver enzymes and high cholesterol, as well as a decrease in potassium, sodium, and phosphorus levels.

 

Treatment

Treatment of diabetes in cats generally involves a complementary approach between injectable insulin or oral hypoglycaemic medications and dietary management.

Injectable insulin

 An injection of insulin is administered subcutaneously (under the skin) once or twice daily.  The insulin dose required is determined by the veterinarian administering a dose in-clinic and performing a blood glucose curve to check the blood sugar response over a certain time period.

Injections can be given at home after demonstration of the correct technique by the veterinary team.  Insulin must be stored in the refrigerator and injections should be given on a strict schedule each day to avoid complications.

 Oral hypoglycaemic medications

 A small percentage of diabetic cats can be treated with oral hypoglycaemic medications that work to lower glucose levels in the blood.  Frequent glucose monitoring is required and many cats will still require injectable insulin in conjunction with oral medications.

 Dietary management

 Dietary management is an important complementary factor to medications.  It is first important to normalise the body weight of overweight cats, which is usually achieved with a reduced calorie diet.  A long-term dietary change for diabetic cats is often required in the form of specifically formulated veterinary diets that are low in carbohydrates or high in fiber with a complex carbohydrate ratio.

Food intake must be closely monitored with a strict feeding routine.  Diabetic cats should be fed half of their daily food intake at the same time as their insulin injections.  Depending on whether or not the cat eats at the given times, the veterinarian may wish to delay the injection.

 

Management & Monitoring

 Without ongoing management and monitoring at home, cats are at risk of developing hypoglycaemic episodes or life-threatening ketoacidosis.

Home management involves regular insulin injections, blood glucose monitoring, urine monitoring, body weight assessment, and close monitoring of appetite and drinking.

Insulin injections

Insulin must be given on a strict schedule as prescribed by the veterinarian.  It is important to adhere to regular feeding and injection times as skipping or delaying one dose can result in serious complications.

 Blood glucose and urine monitoring

Blood glucose can be tested at home to check levels for adequate response to insulin and feeding.  The glucometer requires a small drop of blood which is usually taken from the ear or paw pad.  Urine glucose monitoring can also be performed in the home, however is not ideal as the results are not as accurate as blood testing.

Diabetic cats require close monitoring and daily care.  It can be stressful for cats to be taken to a veterinary clinic or boarding facility each time owners go away on holiday.

Professional Pet Sitting Etc. provides an in-home service for the care of diabetic patients.  

Taking your cat to a boarding facility is highly stressful for cats and a diabetic cat that is stressed can influence your cat’s health.

Contact us when booking your next holiday and we will be happy to answer any questions or concerns you may have about leaving your diabetic cat at home while you are away.

 

Resources

 Helpful resources containing information for owners of diabetic cats include:

 

Handling, Storing & Administering Insulin to Cats

Link: http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=1+2130&aid=258

 

Hypoglycaemia Quick Reference – How to treat hypoglycaemia

Link: http://www.felinediabetes.com/hypo-emergency.htm

 

Glucose toxicity and hypoglycaemia

Link: http://www.vetsulin.com/vet/Cats_AboutDiabetes_Glucose.aspx

 

Cat Hospital of Chicago – Diabetes Mellitus in Cats Overview

Link: http://www.cathospitalofchicago.com/online-cat-health-library/diabetes-mellitus-in-cats

 

Blood Glucose Curves in the Diagnosis & Regulation of Diabetes in Cats

Link: http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=1+2130&aid=256

 

Glucose curve generator tool

Link: http://www.vetsulin.com/vet/Tools_GlucoseCurve.aspx

 

Diet as an Aid to Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus in Cats

Link: http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=1+2130&aid=198

 

How To Test Your Diabetic Cats Blood Sugar At Home (Video)

Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zE12-4fVn8

 

How to Give Your Diabetic Cat an Insulin Injection (Video)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XeZgKLfIJn4

 

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About the Owner and Professional Pet Sitting Etc

Dorinne Whynott, is a long time animal professional.  She is a successful business owner establishing one of the largest pet sitting companies in New Hampshire since 1990. Click to Read her complete History. 

Professional Pet Sitting Etc. is a leading business in the pet care field and continues to grow since 1990. It is an AWARD WINNING business, having been awarded the 2015 Best Pet Sitting , 2015 Best Dog Walker, Business of the Year Awards in 1996, 1997, 2006 and 2010.  It boasts 30+ amazing pet sitters on staff, over 3000 clients in 38 cities from Nashua to Concord, NH.  Hundreds of satisfied client testimonials can be found on their website and more 5 star reviews on their Facebook pageGoogle+ page and more.  They have sustained an A+ rating with the BBB, A rating with Angie’s List and are unmatched in the Pet Sitting Industry in New Hampshire.

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Go to Professional Pet Sitting Etc. Website for more information on the best pet sitting company or click on New Client to contact us or register for dog walking or pet care.

Contact us by phone at 603-888-8088

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